Ninth Circuit Affirms RAND Rate-Setting Decision in Microsoft v. Motorola
Today a panel of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its decision in the closely watched Motorola v. Microsoft case. The panel affirmed the Washington federal district court decision setting a reasonable and nondiscriminatory (RAND) royalty rate for Motorola's standard-essential patents (SEPs) for WiFi and video-coding technology. As explained in our prior alert on the April oral argument, the case raises important issues for all parties involved in SEP license negotiations. The Court held:
- Jurisdiction. The Ninth Circuit affirmed its jurisdiction over the appeal, in deference to the law-of-the-case doctrine and its own earlier decision affirming jurisdiction over a contract dispute between the parties. Microsoft Corp. v. Motorola, Inc., 696 F.3d 872 (9th Cir. 2012). And it held that it, not the Federal Circuit, should hear the appeal.
- RAND Ruling. The Ninth Circuit upheld the district court's bench trial result, including its hypothetical agreement rate-setting approach, as well as the introduction of that result at the jury trial on breach. The Ninth Circuit held that the result of the rate-setting trial was not advisory, but rather was an "essential factual aspect of the breach-of-contract determination."
- Verdict and Damages. The Ninth Circuit also affirmed the district court's denial of Motorola's motion for a judgment as a matter of law and the jury's subsequent verdict in Microsoft's favor. The panel affirmed Microsoft's $14.52 million in damages related to its defense against injunctive actions and the costs of moving a European distribution facility. Finally, the panel held that neither the Noerr-Pennington doctrine nor Washington state law concerning attorneys' fees foreclosed litigation cost-related damages in these circumstances.
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