Written Description Is Important In Construing Claim Terms
In Honeywell International, Inc. v. ITT Industries, Inc. (No. 05-1407; June 22, 2006), the Federal Circuit affirms a district court's grant of summary judgment of non-infringement of U.S. Patent No. 5,164,879 whose claim 1 is directed to a fuel injection system component communicating fuel to the engine of a motor vehicle.
The Federal Circuit agrees with the district court's construction of the term “fuel injection system component” as being limited to a fuel filter. The written description of the application refers to the fuel filter as “this invention” or “the present invention” several times. Further, the written description is not seen as indicating that a fuel filter is merely a preferred embodiment of the claimed invention. A broader statement made by the patentee during prosecution of the application that the claims cover “ all fuel components manufactured of the moldable material disclosed and claimed in the specification” is considered to be ambiguous and possibly inconsistent with the written description, and thus entitled to little weight. Also, little weight is assigned to the patent examiner's restriction requirement during prosecution, with respect to claims for a “fuel filter” and a “fuel system component,” because the examiner did not construe the meaning of these terms.
The accused products are “quick connects,” which are nut-like structures that join various components of a fuel injection system together, such as a fuel line to a fuel filter. Because the quick connects do not filter fuel, they are found not equivalent to the fuel filter of claim 1.
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