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Standardizing Federal PII Breach Response: OMB Updates Guidance for Agencies, Contractors, and Grant Recipients

Jan.11.2017

On January 3, 2017, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued M-17-12, which updates and supersedes 2006 and 2007 OMB memoranda on preparing for and responding to breaches of personally identifiable information (PII) by imposing minimum standards on agencies for incident response programs, training and awareness, reporting, and documentation, coupled with requiring use of a flexible framework to assess and mitigate the risk of harm to individuals potentially affected by a PII breach. While making clear that a PII breach does not necessarily indicate an absence of adequate safeguards, the updated guidance also requires agencies to impose specific requirements, such as encryption, training, and incident-response obligations, on all contractors and subcontractors (at any tier); identifies PII-related requirements for federal grant recipients; and directs the FAR Council to “promptly… create appropriate contract clauses and regulatory coverage.”

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