"Excessive" Pass-Through Charges Defined And Prohibited
Implementing statutory requirements, FAR has been amended with interim rules (74 Fed. Reg. 52852 (Oct. 14, 2009)) that prohibit "excessive" pass-through charges on cost-reimbursement contracts with civilian agencies in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold and on all types of contracts with DOD in excess of $650,0000 (except for fixed-price contracts awarded based on adequate price competition or for commercial items), to require that the provisions be flowed down to subcontractors, to require that covered contractors and subcontractors report specific information about pass-through charges (indirect costs and profit) either in their proposals when they intend to subcontract more than 70 percent of the contract or subcontract effort or after award when they actually subcontract more than 70 percent of the effort, and to provide that excessive pass-throughs are "unallowable" on flexibly-priced contracts and justify a price adjustment when included in the price of fixed-price contracts. "Excessive" pass-through charges exist when a covered prime contractor or higher-tier subcontractor adds no or negligible value and charges indirect costs or profit (other than indirect costs and profit for managing the subcontractor) on work performed by a subcontractor and the contracting officer makes a determination that the pass-through costs are excessive, normally in evaluating the proposal, but also in evaluating information that contractors and subcontractors are required to report after award when subcontracting plans change sufficiently to exceed the 70 percent reporting threshold.
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