Background - Practices (Details)

Labor and Employment


New York City’s Pay Transparency Law Goes Into Effect

November 11, 2022

On November 1, 2022, the New York City Pay Transparency Law, Int. 134-A, went into effect, requiring employers to include the minimum and maximum salary in job advertisements. With Int. No. 134-A, NYC joins Colorado, Washington State, and California in requiring employers to disclose pay scale information in job postings. Washington State’s and California’s laws go into effect January 1, 2023. The New York State Legislature passed a similar law in June 2022 that has not been signed by the governor. If the bill is signed, it would go into effect 270 days after it becomes law.

Employers and Positions Covered

The newly effective NYC law covers employers with four or more employees, which is consistent with the pending New York State bill. By comparison, Colorado covers employers with just one employee in Colorado, and Washington State and California cover employers with more than 15 employees in state. Under the NYC law, the four employees do not need to work in the same location and as long at least one of the employees works in NYC, the employer is covered. Owners and individual employers count toward the four employees. 

Job postings that are covered include full- and part-time employees, interns, domestic workers, and, significantly, job postings for independent contractors. The New York State bill and jurisdictions with similar laws do not include independent contractors. The NYC law is also clear that it covers any advertisement for a job, promotion, or transfer opportunity that could be performed in NYC, including remotely from NYC. 

The NYC law covers both internal and external postings, but, unlike Colorado, it does not require an employer to announce or advertise job, promotion, or transfer opportunities. If an employer, however, chooses to advertise opportunities – whether internally or externally – it must include the minimum and maximum salary in the advertisement. An “advertisement” is a written description of an available job, promotion, or transfer opportunity that is publicized to a pool of potential applicants in any medium, including internal bulletin boards, the internet, printed flyers, and the newspaper.

Pay Scale Disclosure Requirements

Covered NYC employers are now required to include the minimum and maximum salary that an employer in good faith believes at the time of the posting they are willing to pay for the advertised job, promotion, or transfer opportunity. “Salary” can be an hourly wage or an annual salary, but it cannot be open ended. Advertisements that cover multiple jobs, promotions, or transfer opportunities can include salary ranges that are specific to each opportunity. Unlike under Colorado law, “salary” does not include other forms of compensation or benefits offered in connection with the advertised job, promotion, or transfer opportunity, although employers may provide that information if they wish.


The NYC Commission on Human Rights will not assess a civil penalty for a first complaint against an employer alleging a violation of the salary transparency provision, provided that the employer shows that it has fixed the violation within 30 days of receiving the Commission’s notice of violation. Not complying is deemed a violation of the NYC Human Rights Act, and thus may result in a fine of up to $125,000 and employers who “willfully, wantonly or maliciously” engage in unlawful discriminatory practices can be fined up to $250,000. Additionally, under NYC’s Human Rights Law, current employees (not applicants) and the Commission on Human Rights are entitled to bring suit against an offending employer, which could subject an employer to additional non-monetary and monetary damages.

The NYC Commission on Human Rights has a fact sheet on Salary Transparency in Job Advertisements which we expect it to update as questions arise. We will continue to update our clients on any new significant guidance from the NYC Commission on Human Rights.

For more information, please contact the professional(s) listed below, or your regular Crowell & Moring contact.

Kris D. Meade
Partner – Washington, D.C.
Phone: +1.202.624.2854
Rebecca L. Springer
Partner – Washington, D.C.
Phone: +1.202.624.2569
Ira M. Saxe
Partner – New York
Phone: +1.212.895.4230
Eric Su
Partner – New York
Phone: +1.212.803.4041
Sadina Montani
Partner – Washington, D.C.
Phone: +1.202.508.8875
Suzanne E. Rode
Counsel – San Francisco
Phone: +1.415.365.7276